What is Artificial Insemination?
Artificial Insemination or Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is the easiest known technique for assisted reproduction. It is a painless process carried out without anaesthetic inside the consultation room.
The semen used in this process comes either from the patient’s partner (AIH) or from a donor (AID/TDI). After examining and preparing the semen in our laboratory, we place it into the reproductive tract of the patient through a small cannula which is introduced through the cervix while the patient adopts a gyneachological position to increase spermatozoons potential and the odds of ovule fecundation.
In order to acheive this, it is necessary to control the patient’s ovulation through the administration of medecine (gonadotropin) by subcutaneous means.
After the insemination, the patient can live a normal life while waiting 14 days before attempting to make a pregnancy test.
Types of artificial insemination
Artificial insemination with the patient’s partner’s semen (AIH) is recommended in the following cases:
- Sterility of unknown origin.
- Cervix alteration.
- Ovulation problems.
- In cases where the male presents light or moderate defects regarding semen quality such as concentration or motility.
Artificial insemination with a donor’s semen (AID/TDI) is recommended in the following cases:
- Suboptimal semen quality or lack of spermatozoons.
- Males carriers of genetical illnesses that cannot be detected in embryos.
- Women without male partner.